Alzheimer’s disease and attempts to find an effective treatment (Review)


  • Yasmin Maher Helmy Biological products registration department- Egyptian Drug Authority, Egypt
  • Ahmed M. A. Akabawy Biochemistry and molecular biology department, Faculty of Pharmacy-Helwan University, Egypt
  • Laila A. Rashed Biochemistry department, Faculty of Medicine - Cairo University, Egypt
  • Sahar A. Ali Biochemistry and molecular biology department, Faculty of Pharmacy-Helwan University, Egypt


The most common neurodegenerative disease is Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and according to the World Health Organization, there are about 10 million new cases are recorded every year. It seems likely that damage to the brain starts a decade or more before memory and other cognitive problems appear. For most people with late-onset variety, symptoms of Alzheimer’s first appear in their mid-60s. While those with early- onset, signs begin between a person’s 30s and mid-60s. Whereas the exact etiology of the disease is unknown, observational research has suggested many hypotheses that describe the pathogenesis of the disease, as considerable advances in understanding the pathology have contributed to an early diagnosis, particularly the exact neuroanatomical setting of plaques. Accordingly, magnetic resonance imaging has been considered as the primarily adjunctive modality for the constant detection of abnormality. In addition, the analysis of cerebro­spinal fluid contents has also been of interest for the diagnosis. These resulted in a broad variety of therapies that consider­ably control the activity and change the course and prognosis of the disease. In the present review, we evaluate the current state of knowledge on Alzheimer with emphasis on the pathology itself, the diagnosis and common therapeutical approaches accurately used


Alzheimer disease, pathology, Diagnosis, treatment


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How to Cite

Yasmin Maher Helmy, Ahmed M. A. Akabawy, Laila A. Rashed, and Sahar A. Ali. “Alzheimer’s Disease and Attempts to Find an Effective Treatment (Review)”. Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, vol. 9, no. 2, Apr. 2022, pp. 01-10,



Review Article