Potential additive or synergistic effect of the essential oils of Eucalyptus citriodora, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Eucalyptus globulus and their interactions with antifungal agents to evaluate anti-Candida spp. activity: A literature review

Authors

  • Camilla Rocha Aita Department of Clinical Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Brazil
  • Thayna da Silva Vargas Department of Clinical Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Brazil
  • Simone Krause Ferrão Department of Clinical Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Brazil
  • Leticia Mezzomo Department of Clinical Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Brazil
  • Luciane Noal Calil Department of Clinical Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Brazil
  • Miriam Andres Apel Department of Raw Material Production, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Brazil
  • Renata Pereira Limberger Department of Clinical Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Brazil
  • Adelina Mezzari Department of Clinical Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul (RS) Brazil

Abstract

The genus Candida covers a diversity of species responsible for causing important fungal infections in individuals. Candida species are among the most frequent pathogens in hospital infections considered severe. The increasing resistance to antifungal drugs is one of the factors that promote prospecting for new therapeutic agents. Essential oils have shown promising results by inhibiting or preventing fungal growth. A literature review was performed in the online databases PubMed, Scielo, Scopus, LILACS, CAPES periodicals and ScienceDirect, with the aim of verifying the anti-candid activity and possible interactions with antifungals of essential oils of Eucalyptus citriodora, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Eucalyptus globulus. The main constituents of these essential oils are citronellal, 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol), have anti-Candida activity and have a potential additive or synergistic effect when combined with antifungals. The MIC range of E. citriodora essential oil for different Candida species was 0.02 μg/mL to 5 μg/mL.  The range of the inhibition zone of the essential oil of E. camaldulensis against the different species of Candida was 18 – 23 mm for the leaves of the plant and 12 - 20 mm for the fruits.  The MIC for the essential oil of E. globulus was 1000 μg/mL, while in combination with an antifungal, the value was 32 times lower, thus presenting an additive effect with ICIF of 1.031. They also have a potential additive or synergistic effect with antimicrobials. However, further studies are still needed to consolidate knowledge about these species for their use in the therapeutic clinic in infections caused by Candida spp.

Keywords:

Candida, Eucalyptus, antifungals, essential oils, synergism, additive effect

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Published

01-07-2021
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How to Cite

Camilla Rocha Aita, Thayna da Silva Vargas, Simone Krause Ferrão, Leticia Mezzomo, Luciane Noal Calil, Miriam Andres Apel, Renata Pereira Limberger, and Adelina Mezzari. “Potential Additive or Synergistic Effect of the Essential Oils of Eucalyptus Citriodora, Eucalyptus Camaldulensis and Eucalyptus Globulus and Their Interactions With Antifungal Agents to Evaluate Anti-Candida Spp. Activity: A Literature Review”. Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, vol. 8, no. 3, July 2021, pp. 09-16, https://jipbs.com/index.php/journal/article/view/408.

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Review Article