Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) extract ameliorates hemato-cardio injuries induced by cyclophosphamide® in rats


  • Khaled G. Abdel-Wahhab Medical physiology department, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
  • Fathia A. Mannaa Medical physiology department, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
  • Mahmoud Ashry Zoology department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Asyut, Egypt
  • Mohamed A. Mustafa Basic Centre of Science, Misr University for Science and Technology, Giza, Egypt
  • Heba Fawzi Zoology department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Laila K Hassan Dairy department, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt


Due to the cytotoxic properties of cyclophosphamide, including hemato-cardiotoxicity, this study aimed to investigate the efficiency of quinoa ethanolic extract to ameliorate cardio-hemato-toxicity accompanied cyclophosphamide therapy in male rats. After acclimatization, adult male Wistar albino rats (160-180g) were randomly divided into four groups (10 animals each); the first group included normal rats and served as control, second group included normal rats orally administration with 400 mg/kg of quinoa ethanolic extract (QEE) for 4 weeks, third group included rats intraperitoneally intoxicated with of cyclophosphamide® (150 mg/kg/week) for a similar period, and fourth group included rats intoxicated with cyclophosphamide 4 weeks then orally ingested with QEE another four weeks. The obtained results revealed that QEE markedly restored the cardiological and hematological deteriorations induced by cyclophosphamide®; this was evidenced by the significant reduction in cardiac MDA and NO coupled with marked elevation of cardiac GSH, SOD, GPx and CAT. Also, serum CK, LDH, TNF-α, IL 1β, IL6, cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL were markedly lowered with elevated HDL. Hematological indices and hemoglobin derivatives were markedly restored. In conclusion, QEE exhibited anti-cardio-hematotoxicities property that may be mechanized through the radical scavenging and antioxidant characteristics of its active constituent's especially high phenolic content; reflecting a promising potency of QEE as cardio-hemato protective supplement.


Cardiotoxicity, hematopoietic, Cyclophosphamide, Quinoa, Rat


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How to Cite

Abdel-Wahhab, K. G., Fathia A. Mannaa, Mahmoud Ashry, Mohamed A. Mustafa, Heba Fawzi, and Laila K Hassan. “Quinoa (Chenopodium Quinoa) Extract Ameliorates Hemato-Cardio Injuries Induced by Cyclophosphamide® in Rats”. Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, vol. 6, no. 4, Oct. 2019, pp. 23-32, https://jipbs.com/index.php/journal/article/view/376.



Research Article