Dysgraphia in Egyptian dyslexic children: related abilities to writing performance in Arabic

Authors

  • Neveen Hassan Nashaat Learning Disability Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Research on Children with Special Needs Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Phoniatric Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • Ayman Kilany Learning Disability Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Research on Children with Special Needs Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Pediatric Neurology Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.
  • Haytham Mohamad Hasan Learning Disability Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Research on Children with Special Needs Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Psychiatry Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • Suzette Ibrahim Helal Learning Disability Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Research on Children with Special Needs Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Neurology Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.
  • Ola Hosny Gebril Learning Disability Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Research on Children with Special Needs Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt
  • Ehab Ragaa Abdelraouf Learning Disability Research Clinic, Medical Research Centre of Excellence, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt. Research on Children with Special Needs Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to find out the cognitive and linguistic abilities related to writing skills in a sample of Egyptian children with developmental dyslexia. The identification of such abilities will add to the understanding of the neurobiological basis of writing development and proper construction of rehabilitation programs for children manifesting both dyslexia and dysgraphia. Material and Methods: Fifty Egyptian native Arabic speaking children (age: 8.43±1.27; IQ:97.04±6.3) participated in this study. They were diagnosed to have a reading disorder (developmental dyslexia) according to the criteria of DSM-IV-TR.  The Arabic dyslexia assessment test, the Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities (Arabic version) and the phonological awareness test were among the tests used for their assessment. Correlation between the scores of their writing (copying) performance and the other cognitive, linguistic and motor abilities was performed. Results: The forms of handwriting difficulties among the participants were specified.  The rapid naming semantic function, the motor control, the phonological awareness and the auditory and visual processing abilities were correlated with the writing performance of the participants. The syntactic and auditory memory skills along with some other abilities did not show associations with their writing scores. Conclusion: The correlation outputs emphasize the role of phonological awareness, visual and motor skills in Arabic writing performance.  Special attention should be paid for enhancing the abilities related to writing performance in dyslexic children during the remediation plans designed for such individuals. 

Keywords:

Dysgraphia, dyslexia, handwriting, related abilities, Arabic language

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Published

05-10-2016
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How to Cite

Nashaat, N. H., Ayman Kilany, H. M. Hasan, S. I. Helal, O. H. Gebril, and E. R. Abdelraouf. “Dysgraphia in Egyptian Dyslexic Children: Related Abilities to Writing Performance in Arabic”. Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, vol. 3, no. 4, Oct. 2016, pp. 110-5, https://jipbs.com/index.php/journal/article/view/196.

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Research Article